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MIDEAST MIRROR 24.06.15, SECTION C (TURKEY & IRAN)

 

1-From today’s Turkish press

 

COALITION SCENARIOS: Cengiz Candar portrays a perfect political circumstance in centre-left Radikal: "The Kurdish political movement has now been integrated into Turkey's parliamentary system as an influential, and more importantly, a 'constructive' player, making it a part of Turkey's political regime. With the HDP [pro-Kurdish left alliance], the parliamentary system has been strengthened, the legitimacy of the Turkish parliament has been reaffirmed, and its credibility has been restored. Similarly, through the HDP, the Kurdish political movement now has the opportunity to gain the status of a legitimate and non-violent political actor in Turkey. This is the perfect situation for political and social peace in Turkey and for a resolution of the Kurdish issue."

Mehmet Tezkan notes a divergence between the PM and the president in centrist Milliyet: "Coalition scenarios are being discussed. The possibility of forming a minority government is on the table. Moreover, a change in the parliamentary arithmetic is also being discussed. According to leaked reports, PM Davutoglu’s priority is a coalition. He is right. A coalition would be beneficial to him. If a coalition is formed, the tutelage of the president will be ended. The prime minister will start being prime minister. But there is a sense that President Erdogan’s goal is another [early] election."

Cigdem Toker sets the new parliament’s order of priorities in secular, Kemalist Cumhuriyet: "The Turkish parliament has convened without a dominating majority for the first time in 13 years. The system in which there was no separation of powers and in which the legislative and executive branches became intertwined in order to limit basic rights and freedoms, does not exist anymore. All opposition MPs who took the oath and began fulfilling their duties yesterday, should focus first on changing the legal order constructed by this failed 'system'."

Mustafa Unal suggests that the former ruling party has yet to learn the lesson in moderate, pro-Islamic, pro-Gulen Zaman: "No matter how one may see it, this is a new era in politics. Despite the election outcome, the AKP [Justice and Development Party] is not having the chance to ask 'Where were we?' The old status quo does not exist. The party must play politics in the new situation, adapting to the new reality. The past two weeks have shown that it would be quite hard for the AKP to get used to the new situation. Neither Erdogan nor Davutoglu were prepared for this defeat." 

Nazli Ilicak detects a sense of relief in centrist, pro-Gulen Bugun: "No-one but Erdogan talks of early elections. Coalition talks have not even officially begun yet. Different solutions are possible. But the president uses every opportunity to threaten an early election. There is no crisis in Turkey. On the contrary, there is a sense of relief as Erdogan withdraws into the borders of his palace."

Fehmi Koru strikes a positive note in centre-right, pro-government HaberTurk: "If one observed the first parliamentary session of the new era, one could see an interesting picture. Almost all shades present in Turkey are represented in this parliament. The opposition parties can agree among themselves and establish a coalition government, forget about the past and pursue a new policy. However, if a new government includes the AKP, I guess it will only be logical for it to join a party with which it can agree on the economy, foreign policy and the Kurdish 'peace process'."

 

 

2-From today’s Iranian press

 

NUCLEAR TALKS: Conservative Siyasat-e Ruz defends a new parliamentary law setting the terms for a nuclear deal: "The government should support and defend the Majlis' resolution, which will now be sent to the Guardian Council for approval. Even though the government's representative in the Majlis has voiced some disapproval of the plan, the government’s best option is to accept the law after the Guardian Council has approved it. The Majlis’ act does not contradict the Higher National Security Council’s decisions. In addition, this act has been codified and endorsed based on the regime’s red lines, and it includes nothing extra. Even though this law has already been endorsed, the Americans have continued their deceit and deception, as well as their excessive demands. America’s only option is to abandon these demands. Moreover, the other points included in the Majlis' act should be included in the final nuclear agreement, or no agreement will be signed."

Conservative Khorasan suggests that the new law will serve Iran’s negotiators: "First, it was necessary to respond in an equivalent manner to the excessive demands that the Americans have introduced into the talks in the form of a U.S. Congressional bill on verifying a possible nuclear deal. Second, the Majlis bill allows Iran's negotiating team to resist the American pressures and excessive demands at the negotiation table by relying on the country's legislative body, which is strong due to the people's support. Assuming that a nuclear deal is finalized and that it subsequently becomes clear that there are some dark and unclear points that can provide America with an open hand to make excessive demands, the existence of this Majlis bill will help the government. By relying on it, the government can demand to change any unclear articles and will have legal justification for amending those articles that are unacceptable to the Islamic Republic, at no cost to the government or the negotiating team. From this perspective, this bill will act as the negotiating team's legal support".

Reformist Sharq sounds a relatively optimistic note: "The positions of all the parties involved in the nuclear negotiations have helped to strengthen the optimistic view that a comprehensive agreement can be reached. The negotiating teams will be facing a very difficult week ahead as they prepare to reach a final agreement, and it remains too soon to predict the final result. But for the moment at least, it can be said that none of the parties have adopted a harder stance. My optimism over the prospects for a comprehensive nuclear agreement stems from all the parties’ political will to resolve the issue. I believe that Iran and the other parties are in a position to choose an agreement as the only available option."

Hard-line Javan claims that the sanctions are not to blame for the country’s economic woes:" Due to the Iranian economy's flawed structure and the continued expansion of government agencies and institutions that in all likelihood will have little to do in the coming years, the economy has somehow become deadlocked and is functioning below its true capacity. Therefore, even if the sanctions were to be lifted one day, we should not expect any economic miracles. With the possible end of sanctions, the economy will return to its pre-sanctions level in two years. That means sanctions are not the cause of Iran's economic problems; rather, the problem stems from the country's economic structure."

Reformist Mardom Salari explains what lies behind the Majlis bill: "The bill obliging the government to safeguard Iran's nuclear achievements and rights has become cause for conflict between the government and the Majlis. On the one hand, some people believe that this bill will constrain the negotiating team and that such issues should not be put forward at this juncture when Iran and P5+1 are reaching a final deal. On the other hand, some people have yet to trust the negotiating team, and are trying to place legal obstacles before the negotiating team's path".

Reformist Arman offers a way out: "Iran's government spokesman has claimed the bill urging the government to protect its nuclear achievements contradicts the country’s constitution. That part of the bill which is in line with reinforcing national interests and facilitating the negotiating delegation's positions, should be deployed as a strong lever in the talks. However, a comprehensive approach based on the need for presenting reports and the Majlis' continuous monitoring will both provide the Majlis with a supervisory role and not contradict the confidentiality of the measures taken during the nuclear talks".

Moderate Iran seeks to defend Iran’s interest: "In most media circles, the additional protocol has become the main topic for debate in matters pertaining to the nuclear negotiations. At the core of the debate and at the center of all countries’ concern, including the Islamic Republic of Iran, is the interventionist approach or misusing the inspections, which is a valid concern. Our country should adopt all the necessary precautionary measures to protect its important commercial, economic, technical and military information. The additional protocol as well as the comprehensive Safeguards Agreement based on the principles of managed access, provides the country with the ability to protect confidential information."

 

WIKILEAKS SAUDI ARABIA REVELATIONS: Centrist Jomhuri-ye Eslami draws satisfaction from Riyadh’s embarrassment: "The latest documents released by WikiLeaks yesterday regarding Al Saud’s treachery reveal that Saudi Arabia’s rulers prevented humanitarian and military assistance from reaching the people of Gaza within the context of cooperation with the Zionist regime in the attack on the Strip. This setback for the Saudi regime's dignity and its intelligence services via the release of half a million secret diplomatic documents of the country's foreign ministry is even more painful since this leak is believed to have been orchestrated by the Yemen cyber army after Saudi Foreign Ministry officials admitted that some archived documents were stolen last month. Even as the Saudi regime continues its air strikes and the destruction of the infrastructure of a proud Arab country in Yemen, it is well aware that the ominous storm it has created and the aggressive acts it has committed will not bring the conflict to an end. Rather, it is the fighting Yemeni people who will determine this end."

 

DOMESTIC POLITICS: Hard-line Keyhan argues that the government has failed to improve the economy: "The Rowhani government began its official activities about two years ago with the slogan 'Others do not know but we do' and, as its main campaign slogan, it promised to improve the country's economy in 100 days. However, over the past two years, due to its suspect economic policies and the evident differences between the government ministries, the country, which was on a path of independence and self-sufficiency following the imposition of sanctions, has become much more vulnerable in various fields, including agriculture and industry."

 

U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS; Conservative Resalat bets on a Clinton win in the next U.S. elections: “If Hillary Clinton wins this coming round of the electoral campaign, she will be the first woman in U.S. history to be elected president. In this context, her main concern is to stand against the Republicans, because she perceives no competition from amongst the Democrats. It should be easy for her in the Democratic party's primary elections, and she should ultimately stand against her main rival. This is happening at a time when the Republicans are experiencing internal conflicts over candidates whose failures are already clear."

 

 

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